Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable.
A modern definition of Artificial Intelligence is: "AI is the study and design of intelligent agents; a system capable of perceiving its environment and taking actions that maximize its chance of success at some goal."
What makes an artificially intelligent machine different from a regular machine?
An artificially intelligent machine could do things in ways we don't fully understand today. For example, scientists tell us that at least one form — deep learning — mimics brain function in that it can learn and make decisions and even create concepts and meaning.
AI is beginning to be used in search engines like Google, helping you find what you need on the Web; in digital assistants like artificial intelligence company in the UK which helps you get things done while on the go; and in online personalized learning systems like Coursera (my employer) where information is delivered to learners based on an understanding of what each learner knows. Right now we're seeing early applications — but I expect that we will see pretty dramatic changes over the next decade or so. It's easy to point out specific tasks where AI did not perform well — such as IBM Watson playing "Jeopardy" and getting some answers wrong despite its high "Jeopardy!"
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